About microbes, bacteria and VOCs
What are microbes?
Microbes are tiny organisms that cannot be seen without a microscope and include viruses, fungi, and some parasites as well as bacteria. The vast majority of bacteria do not cause disease, and many bacteria are actually helpful and even necessary to good health. Millions of bacteria normally live on the skin and in the intestines and can also be found on the genitalia. Bacterial diseases result when the harmful bacteria get into an area of the body that is normally sterile, such as the bladder, or when they crowd out the helpful bacteria in places such as the intestines.
What is a bacterial disease?
A bacterial disease is any type of illness or disease caused by bacteria, a type of microbe. Harmful bacteria are called pathogenic and include Neisseria meningitis, which can cause meningitis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, which can cause pneumonia, and Staphylococcus aureus, which can cause a variety of infections. Other common pathogenic bacteria include Helicobacter pylori, which can cause gastric ulcers, and Escherichia coli and Salmonella, which can both cause food poisoning.
What are virus diseases?
Examples of virus diseases are HIV, H1N1, Coronavirus, Norovirus, influenza and SARS. These viruses invade the body and replicate themselves which then makes the infected person sick. The viruses can enter the body via bodily fluid contact such nose, mouth, eyes and ears. In cases such as HIV it enters the body via sexual contact and exchange of bodily fluid.
How do pathogenic bacteria enter the body?
Pathogenic bacteria can enter the body through a variety of means, including inhalation into the nose and lungs, ingestion in food or through sexual contact. Once bacteria enter a body, a healthy immune system will recognize the bacteria as foreign invaders and try to kill or stop the bacteria from reproducing. However, even in a healthy person with a healthy immune system, the body is not always able to stop the bacteria from multiplying and spreading. As the harmful bacteria reproduce, many emit toxins which damage the cells of the body, resulting in symptoms of a bacterial disease.
What kind of symptoms can result from bacterial diseases?
Symptoms of bacterial diseases vary depending on the type of bacterial infection and the area of the body that is infected. Classic symptoms include fever and chills. Bacterial infections can lead to serious, even life-threatening complications, such as sepsis, kidney failure, toxic shock syndrome, and death. People at risk for bacterial diseases and its complications include those who have had a significant exposure to a pathogenic bacteria, such as Neisseria meningitidis, or Streptococcus pneumoniae. Other risk factors include having a compromised immune system due to such diseases as HIV/AIDS or combined immunodeficiencies. People who take certain medications, such as corticosteroids, which suppress the body’s natural immune response, are also at risk for contracting bacterial diseases. Other risk factors include malnutrition, high stress levels, having a genetic predisposition to bacterial infection, and being very young or very old. It is possible that a diagnosis of bacterial diseases can be missed or delayed because some non-specific symptoms, such as fever, headache, colds, nausea and vomiting, are similar to symptoms of other diseases such as colitis, influenza and other viral infections.
How are bacterial diseases normally treated?
Bacterial diseases are treated with antibiotics.
How can we prevent bacterial diseases?
The first step in treating bacterial diseases is preventing its occurrence and spread. Vaccines are available to prevent some bacterial diseases, such as meningitis, pneumonia, tetanus, and rabies. Prevention of the spread of harmful bacteria that cause bacterial diseases also includes frequent hand washing and covering the mouth and nose with a tissue during sneezing, and most importantly, keeping your environment clean and sanitised.
What are VOCs and what are its health effects?
A VOC (volatile organic compounds) is an organic chemical compound with significant vapour pressures that can affect the environment and human health. It is emitted by many products such as paints and lacquers, paint strippers, carpet, flooring, plywood, particleboard, adhesives, cabinets, countertops, insulation, panelling and other building products. VOCs are known to have short-term and long-term adverse health effects, including nausea, vomiting, nose bleeds, eye irritation, nose and throat discomfort, headache, fatigue, dizziness, allergic skin reaction and dyspnea (shortness of breath). Several recent studies also suggest that domestic exposure to formaldehyde (a commonly occurring VOC) significantly increases the risk of asthma in young children.
What Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) will Bactakleen destroy?
Bactakleen can practically destroy any VOC, as they are all carbon-based and decomposed by the strong oxidative action of ZnTiO2. This includes the noxious and the toxic, such as ammonia, acetone, chloroform, formaldehyde, benzene, propane, and the byproduct of car exhausts, NOX (nitrous oxides). Others chemical contaminants destroyed are irritants such as the cause of smoke odour (acetaldehyde), chlorine gas, human and pet odours, fumes from cleaning chemicals and, as demonstrated by our independent lab results, the offending compound in Chinese drywall, hydrogen sulfide.